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From: Greg Chamberlain <email@example.com>
Humanitarian Factsheet: Two Months On
(OCHA, 11 March 2010)
* Nearly 3 million people received food assistance in February; second
round of distributions targeting 300,000 vulnerable families in March
* 1.2 million receiving daily water distributions
* More than 730,000 people received emergency shelter
* Some 510,000 people benefitted from hygiene kits
* More than 300,000 people, adults and children, vaccinated against
* Emergency Shelter
* Site Management
* Food Assistance
Providing people with waterproof shelter materials remains the top priority for
humanitarian action at present ahead of the upcoming rainy season. Shelter
Cluster partners are working to distribute as much plastic sheeting, tarpaulins
and tents as possible so that people can put something waterproof over the top
of their shelter to protect themselves and their belongings. To date, some
730,000 people, or 56% of those in need, have received emergency shelter
materials. The objective is reach 1.3 million people by the end of April.
To date, site management partners have assessed some 425 sites, housing an
estimated 619,000 people, in Port-au-Prince , Leogane, Gressier and Jacmel.
However, many of these spaces were only available because they were public
spaces (parks) or flood plains, posing a potential threat to those living there
once the rains start. In total, 21 spontaneous sites have been identified as
priority sites for decongestion. The total estimated population in these sites
is 218,000 people. The Government has proposed a five-pronged approach to
assist people to find better shelter ahead of the rainy season:
1. return to homes if safe
2. return to a safe plot and erect a transitional shelter
3. stay with a host family
4. resettlement in proximity to destroyed homes
5. resettlement in planned sites for those who cannot move home or
To support people to return to their home areas where possible, the UN and
partners are working with the Government of Haiti to identify the home areas of
the people living in prioritized spontaneous settlements. The objective is to
prioritize structural evaluations of houses that remain standing and to remove
the rubble and debris from the sites of collapsed houses so that people can
return to live at the site of their former home.
To support people who are staying with host families, as well as the
communities in which they have sought shelter, the UN and partners are working
to enhance the capacity of basic services such as education, health care and
water and sanitation, as well as food security, in the host communities.
To identify alternative shelter in the medium term for those who cannot return
home or go to stay with host families, the Government of Haiti is identifying
additional sites around Port-au-Prince . The international community will
support their preparation in terms of leveling the land and installing
essential basic services like sanitation, health care and education. At the
same time, the UN and partners are also working to increase service access in
existing spontaneous sites where conditions may permit some current residents
to remain for the medium term.
Throughout, the UN and partners are working with the Government and local
communities to help people understand the risks they face in some of the
existing spontaneous settlements prioritized for decongestion.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Sanitation and hygiene are also top priority, particularly in the spontaneous
settlement sites, where sanitation remains inadequate. Sanitation partners are
accelerating their activities under a two-pronged strategy that aims to set up
12,950 latrines in the short term (before the end of March) and an additional
21,000 latrines in the mid term (before the end of June). Latrine coverage is
currently at 33%, with 3,673 latrines installed. Some 88,500 hygiene kits
have been distributed across the country, reaching 510,000 persons (46% of the
target). More than 1.2 million are now receiving daily water distributions at
more than 340 sites in Port-au-Prince , Leogane, Jacmel, Grand Goave, Petit
Goave and Gressier.
Food and Nutrition
Food distributions by WFP and partners in February assisted nearly 3 million
people to meet urgent needs and helped stabilise conditions in Port-au-Prince ,
Jacmel and Leogane. On 6 March, the Government, with the support of WFP and
other food partners, launched a second phase of food distributions to some
300,000 vulnerable families in Port-au-Prince . Within the second phase,
families will receive one-month rations of rice, enriched flour, legumes,
vegetable oil and salt.
WFP is working closely with the Ministry of Agriculture in the design and
implementation of its distribution programmes in order to avoid off-setting
local production and to ensure that the needs of those most affected by the
earthquake are met. WFP is working with the government to support rapid
recovery and progress towards food security. Within this framework, WFP and
partners are resuming school meal programmes wherever possible and developing
income generation through food- and cash-for-work activities, both in the
capital and in areas hosting displaced people. In Artibonite and North-West
departments, some 150,000 children are targeted to receive meals at school,
while in the North and North-East departments about 130,000 children are
targeted. In Port-au-Prince , WFP has started providing daily cooked meals
for school aged children (5 to 16 years) in the greater Port-au-Prince area,
aiming to initially reach 72,000 children in 148 schools.
The nutrition drive jointly rolled out by WFP, UNICEF, WHO and UNFPA, with
support from UNPOL, targeting 53,000 children under five and 16,000 pregnant
and breast-feeding mothers with specialised food in camps all over
Port-au-Prince is continuing. Under the blanket supplementary feeding,
children under 3 years at risk of malnutrition receive supplemental
Plumpy’Nut, while children aged 3-5 years and pregnant and lactating women
receive high-energy biscuits. Also, 23 baby tents (tents dedicated to providing
mothers and their infant children a safe and calm place to breastfeed) are in
service in affected areas.
The main planting season begins in March and supplies 60 percent of national
food production needs. The Agriculture cluster estimates that 2,800 MT of
seeds, root crop cutting, tools and other inputs, as well as 17,000 MT of NPK
and 6,000 MT of urea fertilizers are required to support the March 2010
planting season. Despite this, funding to the Agriculture Cluster remains
low. The gains made in agricultural production and food security since the
2008 hurricane season could be significantly reversed if immediate financial
support is not forthcoming for the purchase of quality seeds and tools and
provision of targeted technical assistance in addition to continued support for
urgent food and nutrition needs. Efforts must focus on emergency support that
aims to increase national food production access to food, create employment and
prevent further deterioration of food security.
Health The national epidemiological surveillance system put in place with
support from WHO has detected no major outbreaks of infectious disease.
Government figures, however, do show a steady rise in reported cases of
suspected malaria, which is to be expected during the current season and
considering the conditions of people living in close quarters in the
spontaneous settlements. The national vaccination programme supported by WHO,
UNICEF and other partners is being rolled out in Jacmel this week. More than
300,000 people, both adults and children, have been vaccinated to date under
the programme. Adults receive vaccines for tetanus and diphtheria, while
children under 8 years receive vaccinations against tetanus, diphtheria,
pertussis (whooping cough), rubella and measles, and a dose of Vitamin A.
Reproductive health supplies, including clean delivery kits and other maternal
and neonatal health care products to cover the needs of more than 1.5 million
women have been delivered by UNFPA and partners. Ten international midwives
will be hired to help ensure safe deliveries in hospitals and train Haitian
health care providers. Health care providers working in spontaneous settlements
have also been trained on emergency obstetric care, family planning, treatment
of STIs, and care for victims of gender-based violence. UNFPA is also helping
to safeguard the personal hygiene and health of women and girls by providing
dignity kits which include items such as sanitary napkins, anti-bacterial soap,
underwear, towels and washing supplies. More than 25,000 dignity kits have been
distributed and another 100,000 are under way.
UN and international partners are working closely with the government to
develop a plan to rebuild the health care system and improve access for all
Intensive work is needed to get children into schools by the target date set by
the Government of the end of March 2010. It is estimated that 2.5 million
children in Haiti don’t have access to school and that 5,000 schools – 80% of
schools in affected areas – have been damaged or destroyed by the earthquake.
Organizations and clusters will be working together with Government
counterparts over the next month and beyond to get children into school where
they can feel safe, and benefit from services which they might not otherwise
have easy access to such as shelter, food, water, sanitation, and supplies.
To date, 23 tent temporary learning spaces are operational in settlement
sites. UNICEF is providing 150 school tents, 6,000 school-in-a-box and 2,835
school in a carton kits and 866 recreation kits, as well as 1,400 early
childhood development (ECD) kits throughout the country. Some 720,000
backpacks with essential school supplies and t-shirts have also been procured
for Haiti ; the first batch of 200,000 is expected before the end of March.
After surveying facilities, UNFPA has released its complete list of centers and
polices stations with the capacity to respond to the needs of victims of sexual
violence. Two NGOs and seven hospitals in Port-au-Prince have been assisted to
become able to receive gender-based violence cases; four of these health care
providers can already offer emergency obstetric care and post-rape kits,
including post-exposure prophylaxis treatment for HIV. In addition, all
hospitals in Port-au-Prince that offer reproductive health services are aware
of the centers where survivors of gender-based violence can access support.
Among steps being taken to increase security in the spontaneous settlements are
regular communication with the Haitian National Police to prevent gender-based
violence in and around sites so that when a case of violence is identified, the
police are informed and take action; advocacy for adequate lighting in the
camps; provision of 300 tents to be set up as safe spaces for women; support
for the creation of and training of community patrols; dissemination of radio
messages in Creole to prevent violence against women and to inform them of
where to go to obtain services and support; and re-establishment of a tracking
system for cases of gender-based violence.
In the area of child protection, UNICEF is stepping up support to government
efforts to register children separated from their families. So far some 500
children have been registered and as much information as possible is being
gathered on these children to help trace their parents or extended family.
Funding of the $1.4 billion revised Humanitarian Appeal for Haiti, launched on
18 February by the UN Secretary-General and his Special Envoy, President Bill
Clinton, remains funded at 49%, with nearly $704 million committed by donors.
Additional funding is urgently required, particularly in the priority areas of
site development and management (CCCM cluster funding stands at 10%, or $7.3
million out of $73 million); emergency shelter (37% funded with $45 million out
of $121 million); and early recovery activities, such as cash-for-work
programmes, which stimulate economic activity (21% funded with $33 million out
of $157 million needed).